Thermal waste utilisation – both environmentally and economically the best solution to the disposal of non-recyclable waste
These ingredients also include highly toxic substances such as fluorine, chlorine, cadmium, mercury, etc. After the end of these products’ useful lifetime, they are generally taken to landfills, where they decompose and decay over many decades and slowly release their substances, including toxic ones.
Although modern landfills are lined with special foil, such protective films only last for 20 to 30 years. According to science, however, decomposition processes may take up to 300 years.
The consequence of leaving waste on landfills is the irreparable pollution of air, soil, and groundwater.
The primary goal of the waste utilisation plant is the destruction of pollutants contained in waste at a temperature of more than 1,000 °C. While the resulting slag and boiler ash may be disposed of directly, the remaining waste products (neutral sludge and fabric filter ash) first need to be treated accordingly (solidified). Both plaster and iron scraps are recycled.
Another goal is the reduction of waste volume that needs to be disposed of. The controlled incineration of waste reduces the volume of waste to one tenth.